Terms and Acronyms Drugs and Alcohol

Cognitive - Behavioral Therapy (CBT):  is a type of short-term treatment that can be highly effective for many disorders. It is a form of treatment that focuses on examining the relationships between thoughts, feelings and behaviors.

Co-occurring disorders (COD): People who have substance use disorders as well as mental health disorders are diagnosed as having co-occurring disorders, or dual disorders. This is also sometimes called a dual diagnosis.

Community Reinforcement and Family Training (CRAFT): Community Reinforcement and Family Training (CRAFT) teaches family and friends effective strategies for helping their loved one to change and for feeling better themselves. CRAFT works to affect the loved one’s behavior by changing the way the family interacts with him or her.

Drug Abuse Screening Test (DAST): The drug abuse and screening test is one of the most widely used screening test for drug abuse and addiction

Evidence Based Practices (EBP): Evidence based practices are the integration of best research evidence with clinical expertise. You can look for a treatment program which uses evidence based practices, which means the methods used to treat your loved one has evidence that it works.

Early Periodic Screening, Diagnosis and Treatment (EPDST): is a comprehensive and preventive child health program for individuals under the age of 21.

Fee for Service (FFS): A method in which doctors and other health care providers are paid for each service performed. Examples of services include tests and office visits.

Functional Family Therapy (FFT): is a family-based prevention and intervention program for high-risk youth that addresses complex and multidimensional problems through clinical practice that is flexibly structured and culturally sensitive.

Health Choices: The Health Choices Program is the name of one of Pennsylvania's mandatory managed care programs for Medical Assistance recipients.

High Fidelity Wraparound (HFW): High Fidelity Wraparound (HFW) is a youth-guided and family-driven planning process that follows a series of steps to help youth and their families realize their hopes and dreams. It is a process that allows more youth to grow up in their homes and communities. It is a planning process that brings people together (natural supports and providers) from various parts of the youth and family’s life.

The HFW workforce (Facilitator,Family Support Partner and Youth Support Partner), helps the youth and family achieve the goals that they have identified and prioritized, with assistance from their natural supports and system providers. Regardless of the differences in the various implementer counties, the HFW process is driven by 10 principles, four phases and basic activities. More information can be found at www.yftipa.org

Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPPA): requires protection of Protected Health Information (PHI) and limit the disclosure of this information without the consent of the individual. Certain department programs are covered by these HIPAA regulations.

Health Maintenance Organization (HMO): requires you to go to doctors, other health care providers, or hospitals on the plan's list, unless you need emergency care.

Intensive Case Management (ICM): When you have completed treatment, you may still have other needs which can make continued recovery difficult if they are not resolved. Intensive Case Management is a no-cost, voluntary program where these concerns are addressed with professional direction and advocacy

Intensive Outpatient (IOP): An intensive outpatient program (IOP) is a kind of treatment service and support program 

Medical Assistance (MA): is a public insurance system with eligibility based on income and other criteria, including health status. It is jointly funded by the federal and state governments and administered by state governments.

Motivational Enhancement Techniques (MET): employs a variation of Motivational Interviewing (MI) to analyze and dissect feedback gained from client sessions. MI focuses on re-patterning client behavior that is the result of ambiguous and undefined thoughts. This form of therapy is presented in a direct and client targeted manner that strives to transform undesired behaviors. 

Motivational Interviewing (MI): is a form of collaborative conversation for strengthening a person’s own motivation and commitment to change. It’s a person –centered counseling style for addressing the common problem of ambivalence about change by paying particular attention to the language of change.

Out Patient Services: a patient whose treatment does not require an overnight stay in a hospital or clinic.

Pennsylvania Client Placement Criteria (PCPC): are a set of guidelines designed to provide clinicians with a basis for determining the most appropriate care for clients with drug and alcohol problems.

Post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD): The diagnosis may be given when a group of symptoms, such as disturbing recurring flashbacks, avoidance or numbing of memories of the event, and hyper arousal continue for more than a month after the occurrence of a traumatic event.

Relapse Prevention Therapy (RPT): is a behavioral self-control program that teaches individuals with substance addiction how to anticipate and cope with the potential for relapse.

Residential Treatment Facility (RTF): sometimes called a rehab, is a live-in health care facility providing therapy for substance abuse, mental illness, or other behavioral issues.

Single County Authority on Drug and Alcohol (SCA): There are a wide variety of substance and alcohol abuse services available to children and adults in Pennsylvania. Community substance abuse programs are administered through county program offices called Single County Authorities The county SCA determines a person's eligibility for service funding, assesses the need for treatment or other services, and makes referrals to appropriate programs to match treatment and/or service needs.

System of Care (SOC): is an organizational philosophy and framework that involves collaboration across agencies, families, and youth for the purpose of improving services and access and expanding the array of coordinated community-based, culturally and linguistically competent services and supports for children and adults.

Simple Screening Instrument (SSI): used to initiate the process of assessment by identifying a client's possible problems and determining whether he or she needs a comprehensive assessment routine screening for alcohol and other drug (AOD) abuse.

Trauma Informed Care (TIC): is an organizational structure and treatment framework that involves understanding, recognizing, and responding to the effects of all types of trauma.

Treatment Improvement Protocol (TIP): is a collection of best-practice guidelines for the treatment of substance abuse. These monographs draw upon the experience and knowledge of experts in clinical practice, research, and administration.



AA: Alcoholics Anonymous

AOD: Alcohol and other Drugs

ATOD Alcohol Tobacco and Other Drugs

AOS: Addiction only services

ASAM: American Society of Addiction Medicine

ASI: Addiction Severity Index

BH - Behavior Health

CAC –Certified Addictions Counselor

CPA - Commonwealth Prevention Alliance

CSAT- Center for Substance Abuse Treatment

DASPOP -Drug and Alcohol Service Providers of Pennsylvania

DDAP —Department of Drug and Alcohol Programs

DSM-IV: Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th Edition

DUI: Driving under the influence

JPO — Juvenile Probation Office:

NA: Narcotics Anonymous